Genetically Modified Ethics

 

[Under construction!]

 

For reference and reading:

ban gmos now report (image 2)

Ban GMOs Now – Health and Environmental Hazards, Especially in Light of the New Genetics,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho and Dr. Eva Sirinathsignhji, Institute of Science in Society; July 2013 (52 pages)

Since Dr. Mae-Wan Ho passed away in 2016, her website, Institute of Science in Society has been maintained and is currently archived by the U.K. government. The website has undergone changes, and some links to major GMO related publications are currently broken. In order to make them available, I have uploaded them here.

Banishing Glyphosate,” by Dr. Eva Sirinathsinghji, Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, et al., Institute of Science in Society; September 2015 (90 pages)

Banishing Glyphosate (with supplement),” by Dr. Eva Sirinathsinghji, Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, et al., Institute of Science in Society; September 2015 (110 pages)

A Roundup of Roundup® Reveals Converging Pattern of Toxicity from Farm to Clinic to Laboratory,” by Dr. Eva Sirinathsinghji, Institute of Science in Society; January 19, 2015 (16 pages)

Ban GMOs Now – Health and Environmental Hazards, Especially in Light of the New Genetics,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho and Dr. Eva Sirinathsignhji, Institute of Science in Society; July 2013 (52 pages)

GM is Dangerous and Futile – We Need Organic Sustainable Food and Energy Systems Now,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Institute of Science in Society; October 2008 (10 pages)

Food Futures Now: Organic – Sustainable – Fossil Fuel Free,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Sam Burcher, Lim Li Ching, et al, Institute of Science in Society; 2008 (178 pages)

GM Food Nightmare Unfolding in the Regulatory Sham,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Joe Cummins & Peter Saunders, Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease, vol.19; May 14, 2007 (19 pages)

The Case for a GM-Free Sustainable World – Independent Science Panel,” by Mae-Wan Ho, Lim Li Ching, et al, Institute of Science in Society; June 2003 (136 pages)

Selected Lectures – Genetic Engineering 1995-2001,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Institute of Science in Society; March 2002 (72 pages)

Hazards of GM Crops,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Joe Cummins et al, Institute of Science in Society; March 2002 (38 pages)

The Science Wars, Volume 1 – Debating Scientists,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho and others, Institute of Science in Society; March 2002 (55 pages)

The Science Wars, Volume 2 – Civil Actions,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho et al, Institute of Science in Society; March 2002 (40 pages)

The Science Wars, Volume 3 – Suppressing Dissent,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, et al, Institute of Science in Society; March 2002 (27 pages)

Transgenic Instability,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Joe Cummins and Angela Ryan, Institute of Science in Society; March 2002 (24 pages)

Horizontal Gene Transfer – The Hidden Hazards of Genetic Engineering,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Third World Network; 2001 (30 pages)

Cauliflower Mosaic Viral Promoter – A Recipe for Disaster?” by Mae-Wan Ho, Angela Ryan and Joe Cummins, Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease, Vol, 11, No. 4; January 1999 (4 pages)

The following is the authors’ reply to critiques of “The Cauliflower Mosaic Viral Promoter – a Recipe for Disaster?”

Hazards of Transgenic Plants Containing the Cauliflower Mosaic Viral Promoter,” by Mae-Wan Ho, Angela Ryan and Joe Cummins, Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease Vol 12, Issue 1; January 2000 (6 pages)

This was followed later with this relevant publication: “CaMV 35S Promoter Fragmentation Hotspot Confirmed, and it is Active in Animals,” by Mae-Wan Ho, Angela Ryan and Joe Cummins, Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease, Vol. 12, Issue 3; November 2000 (One page)

The Unholy Alliance,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, originally published in The Ecologist; Vol.27, No.4, July-August 1997 (13 pages)


Glyphosate Research Compilation,” by Dr. Alex Vasquez & Dr. Eva Sirinathsinghji, Institute of Science in Society; Updated November 22, 2015 (245 pages); a list of abstracts of studies related to glyphosate’s adverse effects on the environment & on animal & human health

Glyphosate Nontoxicity -The Genesis of a Scientific Fact,” by Marek Cuhra, Journal of Biological Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 15, September 2015 (8 pages)

Trends in Glyphosate Herbicide Use in the United States and Globally,” by Charles M. Benbrook, Environmental Sciences Europe, Vol. 28 Issue 3; February 2, 2016 (15 pages)


Monsanto on trial: Holding big agribusiness to account at the peoples’ tribunal,” in Ninety-Nine: Challenging the Power of the 1%, Issue 6” by Global Justice; September 2016 (20 pages)

This publication can also be downloaded from HERE.

No scientific consensus on GMO safety,” by Angelika Hilbeck, Rosa Binimelis, Nicolas Defarge, Ricarda Steinbrecher, András Székács, Fern Wickson, Michael Antoniou, Philip L Bereano, Ethel Ann Clark, Michael Hansen, Eva Novotny, Jack Heinemann, Hartmut Meyer, Vandana Shiva and Brian Wynne, Environmental Sciences Europe, Vol. 7, Issue 4; January 24, 2015 (6 pages)

No scientific consensus on GMO safety (with Signatories),” by European Network of Scientists for Social Responsibility (ENNSR); 2013-2015 (27 pages)

Genetic Engineering and Food Sovereignty: Sustainable Agriculture is the Only Option to Feed the World – Threats by GM-Agriculture, Ways towards Sustainable Agriculture and Lobbying Work in Developing Countries,” by Church Development Service; April 2009 (142 pages)

Rubber-Stamped Regulation: The Inadequate Oversight of Genetically Engineered Plants and Animals in the United States,” By Genna Reed, Sustainable Development Law & Policy, Volume 14, Issue 3; 2014 (12 pages)

Twenty Years of Failure – Why GM Crops Have Failed to Deliver on Their Promises,” Edited by Janet Cotter, Marco Contiero, Dirk Zimmermann and Justine Maillot; Greenpeace. November 2015 (40 pages)

Field-Evolved Resistance in Corn Earworm to Cry Proteins Expressed by Transgenic Sweet Corn,” by Galen P. Dively, Dilip Venugopal and Chad Finkenbinder, PLoS One, Vol. 11, No. 12; December 30, 2016 (22 pages)

Essential Features of Responsible Governance of Agricultural Biotechnology,” by Sarah Hartley, Frøydis Gillund, Lilian van Hove & Fern Wickson, PLoS Biology, vol. 14, No. 5; May 4, 2016 (7 pages)

Persistent narratives, Persistent Failures: Why GM Crops do not – and will not – ‘feed the world,’” by Taarini Chopra, Canadian Food Studies (La Revue canadienne des études sur l’alimentation) [Special Issue: Mapping the Global Food Landscape], Vol. 2, No. 2; September 2015 (8 Pages)

‘Golden Rice’ GM Vitamin-A Rice,” by Canadian Biotechnology Action Network (CBAN); Updated July 2016 (8 pages)

Golden Rice: Myth, not Miracle,” by Vandana Shiva, GMWatch; January 12, 2014

Non-GM soy more sustainable than GM – study,” by Claire Robinson; GMWatch; July 2, 2015

Failure to Yield – Evaluating the Performance of Genetically Engineered Crops,” by Doug Gurian-Sherman, published by: Union of Concerned Scientists; April 2009. (50 pages)

Counting the Costs of Genetic Engineering,” by Edward Hammond, Greenpeace International; January 26, 2010 (23 pages)

Deficiencies in Federal Regulatory Oversight of Genetically Engineered Crops,” by Brian Tokar, Institute for Social Ecology Biotechnology Project; June 2006 (8 pages) [Includes Addendum]

Brazil’s National Cancer Institute names GM crops as cause of massive pesticide use,” by Claire Robinson, GMWatch, April 9, 2015

Where in the World are GM Crops and Foods?” by the Canadian Biotechnology Action Network (CBAN), Report 1; March 2015 (30 pages)

This publication can also be found HERE.

Are GM Crops Better for the Environment?” by the Canadian Biotechnology Action Network (CBAN), Report 2; May 2015 (46 pages)

This publication can also be found HERE.

Are GM Foods better for Consumers?” by the Canadian Biotechnology Action Network (CBAN), Report 3; September 2015 (53 pages)

This publication can also be found HERE.

Are GM Crops Better for Farmers?” by the Canadian Biotechnology Action Network (CBAN), Report 4; November 2015 (44 pages)

This publication can also be found HERE.

Are GM Crops and Foods Well Regulated?” by the Canadian Biotechnology Action Network (CBAN), Report 5; December 2015 (42 pages)

This publication can also be found HERE.

Do we need GM crops to feed the world?” by the Canadian Biotechnology Action Network (CBAN), Report 6; December 2015 (24 pages)

This publication can also be found HERE.

Genetically Engineered Trees in Canada,” by the Canadian Biotechnology Action Network (CBAN); October 2015 (2 page)

GMOs and poverty: definitions methods and the silver bullet paradox,” by Brian Dowd-Uribe, Canadian Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 37, Issue 1; September 2016 (10 pages)

Engineering yields and inequality? How institutions and agro-ecology shape Bt cotton outcomes in Burkina Faso,” by Brian Dowd-Uribe, Geoforum, Vol. 53; May 2014 (11 pages)

Seeds and places: The geographies of transgenic crops in the global south,” by Brian Dowd-Uribe, Geoforum, Vol. 53; May 2014 (4 pages)

GMOs are not necessary to feed the World,” by Jeff Kirkpatrick, Ban GMOs Now; January 6, 2016

Who Benefits from GM Crops? – Feeding the Biotech Giants, not the World’s Poor,” by Juan Lopez Villar, Bill Freese, Helen Holder, Kirtana Chandrasekaran and Lorena Rodriguez; published by: Friends of the Earth International, February 2009 (48 pages)

Who Benefits from GM Crops? The Rise in Pesticide Use,” by Juan Lopez and Bill Freese, published by Friends of the Earth International; January, 2008 (45 pages)

Genetically Engineered Crops, Glyphosate and the Deterioration of Health in the United States of America,” by Nancy L. Swanson, Andre Leu, Jon Abrahamson and Bradley Wallet; published in the Journal of Organic Systems, 9(2), 2014 (32 pages)

Impacts of genetically engineered crops on pesticide use in the U.S. — the first sixteen years,” by Charles Benbrook, Environmental Sciences Europe; December 2012, 24:24

Genetically Modified Organisms: A Summary of Potential Adverse Effects Relevant to Sustainable Development – Biosafety Report,” by Georgina Catacora-Vargas and Anne I. Myhr, GenØk – Centre for Biosafety; February 2011 (86 pages)

Seeing GMOs from a Systems Perspective: The Need for Comparative Cartographies of Agri/Cultures for Sustainability Assessment,” by Amaranta Herrero, Fern Wickson and Rosa Binimelis, Sustainability, Vol. 7, Issue 8; August 20, 2015 (24 pages)

Pesticide Use on Genetically Engineered Crops,” by Ramon J. Seidler, PhD, Office of Research and Development, Western Ecology Division in Corvallis OR; September 2014 (12 pages)

Compositional differences in soybeans on the market: Glyphosate accumulates in Roundup Ready GM soybeans,” by Thomas Bøhn, Marek Cuhra, Terje Traavik, Monica Sanden, John Fagan, Raul and Primicerio, Food Chemistry, Vol. 153; June 15, 2014 (9 pages)

Specificity and Combinatorial Effects of Bacillus Thuringiensis Cry Toxins in the Context of GMO Environmental Risk Assessment,” by Angelika Hilbeck & Mathias Otto, Frontiers in Environmental Science, Vol. 3 Article 71; November 9, 2015 (18 pages)

White Paper on RNAi Technology as a Pesticide: Problem Formulation for Human Health and Ecological Risk Assessment,” Submitted to the FIFRA Science Advisory Panel [EPA] for Review and Comment October 29, 2013 (39 pages)

Genetically Modified Living Organisms and the Precautionary Principle,” by Professor Dr. Ludwig Krämer, Testbiotech; September 2013. (72 pages)

The Precautionary Principle Requires to be Interpreted Critically and Pre-emptively for its Proper Application to the Unique Risks of GM crops,” By Aruna Rodrigues, Third World Network. March – April, 2015 (59 pages)   [Lead Petitioner (Public Interest Writ (PIL) in India’s Supreme Court)]

Monarchs in Peril: Herbicide-Resistant Crops and the Decline of Monarch Butterflies in North America,” by Bill Freese and Martha Crouch, PhD, Center for Food Safety; February, 2015 (88 pages)

Unknown Benefits, Hidden Costs,” by Ben Lilliston & Jim Kleinschmit, Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy; August 4, 2015

The Bees Burden – An Analysis of Pesticide Residues in Comb Pollen and Trapped Pollen from Honey Bees in 12 European Countries,” by Paul Johnston, Christiane Huxdorff, Gergely Simon & David Santillo, Greenpeace Research Laboratories;  April 2014 (55 pages)

Dripping Poison – An Analysis of Neonicotinoid Insecticides in the Guttation Fluid of Growing Maize Plants,” by Gergely Simon, Christiane Huxdorff, David Santillo & Paul Johnston, Greenpeace International; December, 2013 (15 pages)

Heavy Costs: Weighing the Value of Neonicotinoid Insecticides in Agriculture,” by Sarah Stevens & Peter Jenkins; Center for Food Safety  2014 (24 pages)

Glyphosate Effects on Plant Mineral Nutrition, Crop Rhizosphere Microbiota, and Plant Disease in Glyphosate-Resistant Crops,” by Stephen O. Duke et al, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry; 2013 December 11; 61(51): 12745

Scientist finding many negative impacts of Roundup Ready GM crops,” by Ken Roseboro, published by: The Organic & Non-GMO Report; January/December 2010

Glyphosate Herbicide Found in Many Midwestern Streams, Antibiotics Not Common,” by USGS (U.S. Geological Survey); August 4, 2015

Glyphosate-Resistant Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) Increases Herbicide Use, Tillage, and Hand-Weeding in Georgia Cotton,” by Lynn M. Sosnoskie and A. Stanley Culpepper, Weed Science, Vol 62; 2014 (11 pages)

Scientists Reveal Glyphosate Poisons Crops and Soil,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Institute of Science in Society; May 19, 2010

U.S. researchers find Roundup chemical in water, air,” by Carey Gillam, Reuters; August 31, 2011

The Environmental Impacts of Glyphosate,” published by: Friends of the Earth Europe; June, 2013 (20 pages)

Widespread Glyphosate Contamination in USA,” by Dr. Eva Sirinathsinghji, Institute of Science in Society; October 8, 2014

A Valuable Reputation Suppression and Attacks on Tyrone Hayes,” by Rachel Aviv, The New Yorker; February 10, 2014

The ‘Revolving Door’ between Regulatory Agencies and Industry: A Problem That Requires Reconceptualizing Objectivity,” by Zahra Meghani and Jennifer Kuzma, Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, Vol. 24, Issue 6; December 2011 (25 pages)

GM CROPS: Research Documenting the Limitations, Risks and Alternatives,” by GMWatch; December, 2009 (12 pages)


Anniversary of a Whistleblowing Hero (Part 1 of 2),” by Jeffrey Smith, Institute of Responsible Technology; August 10, 2010

Biotech Propaganda Cooks Dangers out of GM Potatoes (Part 2 of 2),” by Jeffrey Smith, Institute of Responsible Technology August 10, 2010

Effect of diets containing genetically modified potatoes expressing Galanthus nivalis lectin on rat small intestine,” by Stanley W. B. Ewen & Arpad Pusztai, The Lancet, Vol 354; October 16, 1999 (2 pages)

Why I cannot remain silent: Interview with Dr. Arpad Pusztai,” by (originally published by GM-FREE Vol. 1, no. 3 August/September 1999)

Genetically Modified Foods: Potential Human Health Effects (Book excerpt),” by Arpad Pusztai, Susan Bardocz and Stanley W.B. Ewen, GM-free Cymru; 2003 (28 pages); Chapter 16 in “Food Safety: Contaminants and Toxins” edited by J.P. F. D’Mello, published by CABI (April 2003)


Broadening the lens for the governance of emerging technologies: Care ethics and agricultural biotechnology,” by Christopher J. Preston & Fern Wickson, Technology in Society, Vol. 45; May 2016 (10 pages)

Journal editor admits involvement in Ermakova ‘set-up’” by GM-Free Cymru

Yet again — Monsanto seeks to suppress ‘inconvenient’ GMO research,” by GMO-Free Cymru

Please Stop Dangerous Attacks on ALL Independent GMO Researchers,” by Jeffrey M. Smith, GMO Judy Carman; June 3, 2013

The Silencing of Hector Valenzuela,” by PR Watch; April 2015

CORRUPT: The Government’s Revolving Door with Monsanto,” by Sara, Sally Homemaker

‘Big 6’ Pesticide and GMO Corporations,” by SourceWatch (undated)

Seedy Business: What Big Food is hiding with its Slick PR Campaign on GMOs,” by Gary Ruskin, USRTK (U.S. Right to Know); January, 2015 (63 pages)

The Absurdity of Claiming that ‘All GMOs are Safe,” by Dr. Belinda Martineau, Biotech Salon; June 16, 2015

GMO Myths and Truths – 2.3 Myth: The Nicolia review compiles 1700+ studies showing that GMOs are safe,” an excerpt from “GMO Myths and Truths 2nd Edition,” by John Fagan PhD, Michael Antoniou PhD, and Claire Robinson MPhil; Earth Open Source (2014).

Meet the Scientific ‘Experts’ Claiming GMO Foods are Safe,” by Michele Simon, Eat Drink Politics; September 12th, 2012

Defying Nature: The Ethical Implications of Genetically Modified Plants,” by Debra M. Strauss, Journal of Food Law & Policy Vol. 3, No. 1; 2007 (37 pages)

Establishment of transgenic herbicide-resistant creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera L.) in nonagronomic habitats,” by Jay Reichman, Lidia Watrud, E. Henry Lee, Connie Burdick, Mike Bollman, Marjorie Storm, George King, and Carol Mallory-Smith, Molecular Ecology, Vol. 15, No. 13; November 2006 (13 pages)

Prevalence of Genetically Modified Rice, Maize, and Soy in Saudi Food Products,” by Rafaat Elsanhoty, A. I. Al-Turki and Mohamed F. Ramadan, Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol. 171, No. 4; August 1, 2013 (17 pages)

Caution required for handling genome editing technology,” by Motoko Araki, Kumie Nojima, and Tetsuya Ishii, Trends in Biotechnology, Vol. 32, No. 5; May 2014 (4 pages)


The Genetic Engineering of Food and the Failure of  Science – Part 1: The Development of a Flawed Enterprise,” by Don Lotter,  International Journal of the Sociology of Agriculture and Food, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp. 31-49; December 19, 2008 (19 Pages)

The Genetic Engineering of Food and the Failure of Science – Part 2: Academic Capitalism and the Loss of Scientific Integrity,” by Don Lotter,  International Journal of the Sociology of Agriculture and Food, Vol. 16, No. 1; Dec. 23, 2008 (19 pages)

A related article is here (Interview with the author, Don Lotter): “Scientist jeopardizes career by publishing paper criticizing GM foods,” by Ken Roseboro, The Organic & Non-GMO Report; November 2009

A related YouTube video (lecture by Don Lotter) is here: “Genetically Engineered Foods and the Failure of Science” YouTube (1:05:03) published by Don Lotter on June 22, 2012


GM Food Nightmare Unfolding in the Regulatory Sham,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Joe Cummins and Peter Saunders, Microbial Ecology in Health and Disease, 1-12; May 14, 2007 (13 pages)

Book Review: “Craig Holdrege and Steve Talbott: Beyond biotechnology: the barren promise of genetic engineering,” by Sambit Mallick, Agriculture and Human Values, Vol. 28, No. 1; February 2011 (2 pages)

Bioprospecting, biopiracy and food security in India: The emerging sides of neoliberalism,” by Sayan Bhattacharya, International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences, Vol. 23; March 2014 (9 pages)

Climate-Ready Seeds and Patent Rights: A Question of Climate (in) Justice?” by Anne Saab, Global Jurist, Vol.15, Issue 2; June 2015 (17 pages)

Plant Genetic Resources in an Age of Global Capitalism,” by Noah Zerbe, Canadian Food Studies (La Revue canadienne des études sur l’alimentation) [Special Issue: Mapping the Global Food Landscape], Vol. 2, No. 2; September 2015 (7 pages)

GM is Dangerous and Futile – We Need Organic Sustainable Food and Energy Systems Now,” by Dr. Mae-Wan Ho, Institute of Science in Society; October 2008 (10 pages)


Glyphosate Formulations Induce Apoptosis and Necrosis in Human Umbilical, Embryonic, and Placental Cells,” by Nora Benachour and Gilles-Eric Séralini, Chemical Research in Toxicology, Vol. 22, No.1; 2009 (9 pages)

A glyphosate-based herbicide induces necrosis and apoptosis in mature rat testicular cells in vitro, and testosterone decrease at lower levels,” by Émilie Clair, Robin Mesnage, Carine Travert and Gilles-Éric Séralini, Toxicology in Vitro, Volume 26, Issue 2; March 2012 (11 pages)

Answers to Critics: Why there is a Long Term Toxicity Due to a Roundup Tolerant Genetically Modified Maize and to a Roundup Herbicide,” by Gilles-Eric Séralini, Robin Mesnage, Nicolas Defarge, Steeve Gress, Didier Hennequin, Emilie Clair, Manuela Malatesta and Joël Spiroux de Vendômois, Food and Chemical Toxicology, Vol. 53; March 2013 (8 pages)

Letter to the Editor,” by Jack A. Heinemann, Food and Chemical Toxicology, Vol. 53; March 2013 (1 page)

Conflicts of interests, confidentiality and censorship in health risk assessment: the example of an herbicide and a GMO,” by Gilles-Eric Séralini, Robin Mesnage, Nicolas Defarge and Joël Spiroux de Vendômois, Environmental Services Europe, Vol. 26, No. 13; 2014 (6 pages)

Conclusiveness of toxicity data and double standards,” by Gilles-Eric Séralini, Robin Mesnage, Nicolas Defarge and Joël Spiroux de Vendômois, Food and Chemical Toxicology, Vol. 69; July 2014 (8 pages)

Republished study: long-term toxicity of a Roundup herbicide and a Roundup-tolerant genetically modified maize,” by Gilles-Eric Séralini et al, Environmental Sciences Europe, Vol. 26, No. 1; 2014 (17 pages)

A challenge to scientific integrity: a critique of the critics of the GMO rat study conducted by Gilles-Eric Séralini et al. (2012),” by Ulrich E. Loening, Environmental Sciences Europe, Vol. 27, No. 1; June  2015 (9 pages)

Transcriptome profile analysis reflects rat liver and kidney damage following chronic ultra-low dose Roundup exposureTranscriptome profile analysis reflects rat liver and kidney damage following chronic ultra-low dose Roundup exposure,” by Robin Mesnage, Matthew Arno, Manuela Costanzo, Manuela Malatesta, Gilles-Eric Séralini and Michael Antoniou, Environmental Health, Vol. 14, No. 1; August 2015 (14 pages)

(Full) Reasoning of the Jury for the 2015 Whistleblower Award to Professor Gilles-Eric Séralini,” by the Whistleblower Award Jury; September 2015 (14 pages)

Why glyphosate is not the issue with Roundup – A short overview of 30 years of our research,” by Gilles-Eric Séralini, Journal of Biological Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 15, No. 3; 2015 (9 pages)

Pathology reports on the first cows fed with Bt176 maize (1997–2002),” by Gottfried Glöckner and Gilles-Éric Séralini, Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science Vol. 6, No. 1; January 2016 (8 pages)

A Review on Impacts of Genetically Modified Food on Human Health,” by Charu Verma, Surabhi Nanda, R.K. Singh, R.B. Singh and Sanjay Mishra, The Open Nutraceuticals Journal, Vol. 4; February 2011 (9 pages)


How glyphosate is being whitewashed for its review in the EU and the US,” by Dr. Rosemary Mason; December 4, 2013 (5 pages)

Corporate Espionage: The Séralini Affair and Beyond,” by Dr. Rosemary Mason; December 13, 2013 (46 pages)

We Are What We Eat – The poisoning of our food supply,” by Dr. Rosemary Mason; April 10, 2014 (52 pages)

The sixth mass extinction and chemicals in the environment: our environmental deficit is now beyond nature’s ability to regenerate,” by Rosemary A. Mason, Journal of Biological Physics and Chemistry, Vol. 15, No. 3, 2015 (17 pages)

Open letter to the Director General of the BBC and the former Defra Minister Lord de Mauley about Monsanto,” by Rosemary Mason; April 5, 2016 (99 pages)

A Letter from America about the dangers of GM Crops and glyphosate,” by Rosemary Mason, March 2, 2016 (34 pages)

The Problem with Nutritionally Enhanced Plants,” by David Schubert, Journal of Medicinal Food, Vol. 11, No. 4; July 2008 (6 pages)  [NEP = nutritionally enhanced plants such as Golden Rice]

Genetically Modified Plants Used for Food, Risk Assessment and Uncertainty Principles: Does the Transition from Ignorance to Indeterminacy Trigger the Need for Post-Market Surveillance?” by Katharine A. Van Tassel, Boston University Journal of Science and Technology Law, Vol. 15; July 7, 2009 (32 pages)

An Illusory Consensus behind GMO Health Assessment,” by Sheldon Krimsky, Science, Technology, & Human Values; August 7, 2015 (32 pages)

GM crops: rebuttal of claims on safety and benefits,” by Claire Robinson, Ban GMOs Now; October 30, 2016  (31 pages) [originally published by Corporate Europe Observatory on June 13, 2016]

10 Reasons We Don’t Need GM Foods,” by Claire Robinson, Michael Antoniou, and John Fagan, Earth Open Source; 2014 (17 pages)

Co-Formulants in Glyphosate-Based Herbicides Disrupt Aromatase Activity in Human Cells below Toxic Levels,” by Nicolas Defarge, Gilles-Eric Séralini, et al, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , Vol. 13, No. 3; February 26, 2016 (17 pages)

Inclusion and implementation of Socio-Economic Considerations in GMO Regulations: Needs and Recommendations,” by Rosa Binimelis and Anne Ingeborg Myhr, Sustainability 2016, Vol. 8, No. 1; January 11, 2016 (24 pages)

Review of GMO Safety Assessment Studies: Glyphosate Residues in Roundup Ready Crops is an Ignored Issue,” by Marek Cuhra, Environmental Sciences Europe; Vol. 7; November 7, 2015 (14 pages)

USAID: Making the world hungry for GM crops,” by GRAIN; April 25, 2005 (24 pages)

GM Crops in India: Agricultural Sustainability at Stake,” by Amanpreet Kaur, OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 6, No. 10; 2013 (9 pages)

Glyphosate in German adults – Time trend (2001 to 2015) of human exposure to a widely used herbicide,” by André Conrada, Christa Schröter-Kermania, Hans-Wolfgang Hoppeb, Maria Rüthera, Silvia Piepera and Marike Kolossa-Gehring, International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, Vol. 220, Issue 1, January 2017 (9 pages)


In 2012, two scientists from the European Food & Safety Authority (EFSA) published a study that indicated the viral promoter known as CaMV 35S which had been used in the majority of GMOs during the previous decades also carried fragments of DNA from another viral gene, Gene VI. This is alarming if for no other reason than these fragments were present for so many years without anyone being aware of them. This supports the contention that what is unknown about GMOs exceeds what is known, and that generalized claims that GMOs are safe are not based on complete information because there are too many unknowns. Additionally, these fragments were still active and Gene VI is a potential safety threat. Jonathan Latham, PhD and Allison Wilson, PhD published an article about these findings and the EFSA dismissed their concerns. They published a follow-up article. Additionally, GenØk (Centre for Biosafety in the University of Norway) published a brief article which also raised concerns. The original link to the EFSA study has changed, but it can be found here:

Possible consequences of the overlap between the CaMV 35S Promoter Regions in Plant Transformation Vectors used and the Viral Gene VI in Transgenic Plants,” by Nancy Podevin and Patrick du Jardin, GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain, Vol. 3 No. 4; 2012 (5 pages)

[This publication is also here in HTML format: Nancy Podevin & Patrick du Jardin (2012) Possible consequences of the overlap between the CaMV 35S promoter regions in plant transformation vectors used and the viral gene VI in transgenic plants, GM Crops & Food, 3:4, 296-300, DOI: 10.4161/gmcr.21406]

And the articles are here:

Regulators Discover a Hidden Viral Gene in Commercial GMO Crops,” by Jonathan Latham, PhD and Allison Wilson, PhD, Independent Science News; January 21, 2013

Is The Hidden Viral Gene Safe? GMO Regulators Fail To Convince,” by Jonathan Latham, PhD and Allison Wilson, PhD, Independent Science News; February 27, 2013

Scientific assessment of publication by Podevin and du Jardin – (2012),” by GenØk; January 4, 2013


This USDA report states that pesticide use has gone down due to GMOs, particularly Bt crops – but those claims are incorrect and misleading:

Pesticide Use in U.S. Agriculture: 21 Selected Crops, 1960-2008,” by Jorge Fernandez-Cornejo, Richard Nehring, Craig Osteen, Seth Wechsler, Andrew Martin & Alex Vialou, USDA Economic Research Service; May 2014 (86 pages)

The USDA does not include data for neonicotinoids which are used in seed treatments for GMO crops: The agency is mandated to promote GMOs, so it is not surprising that the report says that pesticide use has gone down thanks to Bt crops.Buried in the appendix the report states, “…these estimates do not account for the increased use of insecticide seed treatments with such materials as neonicotinoids … applied at very low rates, because seed treatments are not included in the USDA or proprietary data.” Neonicotinoids are not applied “at very low rates” at all. This study shows the huge increase in the use of neonicotinoid insecticides that the USDA excludes from their report:

Large-Scale Deployment of Seed Treatments Has Driven Rapid Increase in Use of Neonicotinoid Insecticides and Preemptive Pest Management in U.S. Field Crops,” by Margaret R. Douglas and John F. Tooker, Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 49, Issue 8; April 2015.

A summary article is here: “Claims of reduced pesticide use with GM crops are baseless, new study shows,” by Claire Robinson, GMWatch; April 4 2015

“When neonicotinoids are included, claims that pesticide use have gone down due to Bt GMO crops are unfounded. Even if neonicotinoids are excluded, there is no overall reduction in pesticide use: “Provided that the in-plant produced insecticide is not counted, then GM Bt crops led to a reduction in insecticide use of 56 million kilograms. When the in-planta insecticide is added back, there is no net reduction in insecticide application” [Citations omitted] SEE: “Sustainability and innovation in staple crop production in the US Midwest,” by Jack A. Heinemann et al, International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, Vol. 12, Issue 1; June 14, 2013; ALSO SEE:  “Reply to comment on sustainability and innovation in staple crop production in the US Midwest,” by Jack A. Heinemann, Melanie Massaro, Dorien S. Coray & Sarah Zanon Agapito-Tenfen, International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, Vol. 12, Issue 4; August 4, 2014.

[Jack A. Heinemann et al (2014) Sustainability and innovation in staple crop production in the US Midwest, International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 12:1, 71-88, DOI: 10.1080/14735903.2013.806408 and Jack A. Heinemann et al (2014) Reply to comment on sustainability and innovation in staple crop production in the US Midwest, International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability, 12:4, 387-390, DOI: 10.1080/14735903.2014.939843]

In addition, in the same report – in a separate section – the USDA admits that a reduction in pesticide use “may” be attributed to the promotion of Integrated Pest Management (IPM): “USDA, the Land Grant Universities, and EPA have collaborated in promoting IPM, including support for four regional IPM centers, to develop new methods to manage pests and educate growers about how to use them. This effort may have reduced reliance on pesticides and influenced use patterns by developing pest management approaches that integrate use of chemical, biological, and cultural controls, including new seed varieties, crop rotation, and other practices, often including pest and weather information and predictive models to use pesticides and other practices more efficiently.” Yet, the report ignores these facts and clearly implies that “GM crops and GM crops alone are responsible for the decline in pesticide use.” Bear in mind that the USDA is also mandated to promote GMOs. Therefore, whatever reports are published about GMOs by the USDA must be understood in the context that the agency is compromised by a bias in favor of promoting these products.


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Statement of rebuttal evidence for hearings on GMO provisions in the Auckland Unitary Plan and Whangarei and Far North District Plans,” by Jack Heinemann; September 10, 2015 (38 pages)

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Glyphosate re-assessment in Europe is corrupt: Toxicology,” by Dr. Nancy L. Swanson (23 pages)

This publication can also be downloaded and viewed HERE.

A related article is here: Source: “Scandal of Glyphosate Re-assessment in Europe,” by Dr. Nancy Swanson and Dr. Mae Wan Ho, Institute of Science in Society; July 7, 2014

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Use of Terminator Technology in GMOs: Implications for Farmers’ Right to Save Seed in Bangladesh,” by Md. Mehedi Hasan, University of Dhaka; undated (16 pages)

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The Role of International Agreements in Achieving Food Security: How Many Lawyers Does It Take to Feed a Village?” by Jack A. Bobo, Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law, Vol. 40; 2007 (11 pages)

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Congressional Hearing with comment (Including testimony of James H. Maryanski, Biotechnology Coordinator of the FDA): “Plant Genome Science: From the Lab to the Field to the Market, Part III,” by the Subcommittee on Basic Research of the Committee on Science, House of Representatives; October 19, 1999 (39 pages)

Transgenic pollen harms monarch larvae,” John Losey, Linda Rayor & Maureen Carter, Nature 399, 214. May 20, 1999.   .



 

Copyright © Jeff Kirkpatrick 2017 Genetically Modified Ethics